Since 1770 a lot of inventors in different counties tried to create a locomotive, but these attempts have not received public support. So in 1786 the designer Oliver Evans wanted to patent a car with high pressure steam engine, but he was refused, his idea was called a ridiculous fantasy.
In 1784 William Murdoch created a three-wheeled vehicle with a single-cylindersteam engine. The vehicle speeded up to 14 kilometers per hour. However the local clergy got alarmed after seeing the vehicle. They saw evil spirits in this self-moving carriage.
The bigger success achieved Englishman Richard Trevithick. In 1797 he built up his sample of steam wagon, but because of the bad road conditions he decided to put it to a railroad. For several years Trevithick created several models of steam locomotives, the most successful was Pen-y-Darren, patented in 1804. This locomotive was the first which rode with the trolleys, thereby conducting the world’s first train.
It took more than 20 years to build the world public railway. September 27, 1825 locomotive Locomotion opened traffic on Stockton - Darlington road. But sceptics were appeased, they insisted on that railway is too dangerous. “The railway journey on a high speed is quite impossible, as passengers will not be able to breath and will die from suffocation”,-rushed with conclusions in his book “Steam engine with explanations and pictures" DennisLardner.
Afteryears, the railway had a lot of enemies. People of nearby settlements were trying to get rid of “iron enemy”, and the scientist persuaded of danger of this kind of transport. “Construction of railways will do harm to public health, because the motion with speed more than 40 kilometers per hour will inevitably cause concussion and madness. And the public, located near road, dizziness and nausea “,- added oil to the flames Bavarian royal medical Council.
Despite all the hardships the railway transport survived, and today it is hard to imagine the world without trains.